Overall, we aim to  identify what is currently known regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and management of apathy in PD and  assess barriers and facilitators to the use of the knowledge currently available regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and management of apathy in PD.
- We will recruit: Four focus groups with patients and caregivers (n= 4-6 people per focus group) to assess barriers and facilitators to diagnosis and management of apathy in PD.
- We will recruit: Four focus groups with specialist health care practitioners including: Neurologists, geriatricians, neuropsychiatrists, and multidisciplinary teams (nurses and social workers).
- Diagnosis of idiopathic PD made by the U.K Brain Bank Criteria or diagnosis by a movement disorder specialist
- Competency in English with no aphasia
- Ability to provide informed consent.
- Clinically significant apathy defined by Lille Apathy Rating Scale (or other relevant apathy scale)
- Clinically significant depression (using the short form of the Geriatric Depression Scale, using a score of 9 or above)
- Diagnosis of clinically significant cognitive impairment using the Mini-Cog and a score of less than 3
University of Calgary
CHREB ID 17-0669